Storyboards are sketches of scenes to be filmed representing the movement of the narrative from the camera’s point of view. Consequently, what the camera sees is what the viewer sees. Potential problems involving tracking action and editing can be worked out logistically ahead of production, making the filming as efficient and cost effective as possible.
The director uses storyboards to visually plan and tell the story so that each department understands what is needed to film each scene. While movies are rarely filmed sequentially, planning camera shots in advance helps the producers anticipate which settings, actors, costumes, props and extras are needed each day of filming. Storyboards also help plan stunts and special effects. The storyboard artist must be knowledgeable about camera equipment, technical directing and editing.