This exhibition presents a personal look at the Museum's namesake by interweaving Sid Richardson's collection of Western masterworks with rarely seen artifacts including letters, objects, photographs and articles published during Sid's lifetime.

Plainspoken and unpretentious, Richardson was once described by the Ladies Home Journal as the wealthiest man in America with an estimated worth of more than $700 million. He amassed his wealth from West Texas petroleum and used it to pursue his interests as a cattleman, philanthropist and collector of paintings. This exhibition enables visitors to explore art, artifacts and archival materials that reveal a rich narrative of Sid's life with four areas of emphasis: the oil business, ranching, collecting art and philanthropy.

“This unique exhibit transcends the walls of our gallery, taking our visitors inside the life and times of Sid Richardson,” says Sid Richardson Foundation President and CEO Pete Geren. “This exhibit adds another dimension to our patrons’ enjoyment and understanding of a man who helped shape the history of our community and our state, and whose legacy continues to improve the lives of countless Texans.”

Keystone Field, Derricks and Sand Dunes
Keystone Field, Derricks and Sand Dunes | Esther Bubley | B/W photograph | November 1945

Richardson began working in the oil fields near Wichita Falls, Texas in 1911, learning the business from the ground up before striking it big in the Keystone field of West Texas in the late 1930’s. Once his fortune was established, Richardson acquired several working ranches. He played a critical role in the preservation of the Texas Longhorn, helping to establish the foundation of what became the State of Texas Longhorn Herd, today located in Fort Griffin State Park.

Returning to Camp
Returning to Camp | Charles M. Russell | 1901 | Oil on canvas, | 24 1/8 inches 36 inches

Richardson began collecting artwork in 1942, naturally drawn to artists Frederic Remington and Charles M. Russell, whose works captured the “spirit of the West.” While Richardson primarily purchased works of art through Newhouse Galleries in New York, he occasionally bought directly from private collectors, as evidenced by two letters from Maurice Weiss on display for the first time. Weiss knew Russell personally and sold Richardson companion paintings – The Buffalo Hunt and Returning to Camp – which are displayed in the gallery with Weiss’ letters. The Buffalo Hunt returns to the gallery in A Fortune in Oils after having not been on display for more than a decade. 

Sid Richardson built one of the country’s largest collections of Western masterworks including paintings by Charles M. Russell, Frederic Remington, William Robinson Leigh, Charles Schreyvogel, Frank Tenney Johnson and Oscar E. Berninghaus, among others.

A Fortune in Oils: Sid Richardson's Personal Collection
A Fortune in Oils: Sid Richardson's Personal Collection | exhibition poster

While known to many only through his art collection, Richardson’s lasting legacy was created in 1947 with the establishment of the Sid W. Richardson Foundation. Dedicated to serving the people of Texas, the foundation has contributed more than $503,000,000 in support of human services, education, and arts and cultural initiatives across the state.

Buffalo Hunt
Buffalo Hunt | Charles M. Russell | 1901 | Oil on canvas | 24 1/8 inch x 36 1/8 inch